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SAT阅读长难句如何突破

  • 责任编辑:Leslie
  • 来源:互联网
  • 时间:2013-02-20 14:44:17

  在SAT阅读中,经常会出现一些长难句。这些句子,每个单词都认识,但是由于使用了倒装、省略、从句等复杂结构,读了2遍都找不到主谓宾,从而影响了阅读速度,甚至影响了阅读理解。

  下面是天道小编整理的一些SAT阅读当中的长难句,并就语法现象、意群、翻译等进行了讲解:

  真题部分

  1. Not only are celebrities the protagonists of our news, the subjects of our daily discourse, and

  the repositories of our values, but they have also embedded themselves so deeply in our consciousness that many individuals profess feeling closer to, and more passionate about, them than about their own primary relationships: witness the fervent public to interest in the life of Britain&aposs Princess Diana, or the fans who told television interviewers that her wedding was the happiest day of their lives.

  难句类型:倒装+并列+复杂修饰

  难词注解:protagonist n.主角, 支持者

  repository n.容器, 仓库, 贮藏室, 智囊

  fervent a.热情的

  语法分析:Not only are celebrities the protagonists of our news, the subjects of our

  谓语 主语 宾语

  daily discourse, and the repositories of our values, but they have also embedded

  并列宾语 并列宾语 主语 谓语

  themselves so deeply in our consciousness that many individuals profess feeling closer

  结果状语从句

  to, and more passionate about, them than about their own primary relationships:

  witness the fervent public to interest in the life of Britain&aposs Princess Diana, or the fans

  谓语 宾语 宾语补足语 宾语

  who told television interviewers that her wedding was the happiest day of their lives.

  定语从句 宾语从句

  意群训练:Not only are celebrities the protagonists of our news, the subjects of our daily discourse, and the repositories of our values, but they have also embedded themselves so deeply in our consciousness that many individuals profess feeling closer to, and more passionate about, them than about their own primary relationships: witness the fervent public to interest in the life of Britain&aposs Princess Diana, or the fans who told television interviewers that her wedding was the happiest day of their lives.

  参考译文:名人不仅是新闻的主角、日常谈论的话题、价值观的源泉,而且他们把自己牢固树立在我们意识当中,许多人承认,他们对名人更有兴趣,更有激情,胜过关心自己的私人事务。举个例子,狂热的公众对威尔士王妃戴安娜的私生活非常感兴趣,还有粉丝告诉电视记者,戴安娜的婚礼当天是他们一生最幸福的一天。

  2. “No, I won&apost ride with servicemen,” said my casually seditious father, as he slowed down and peered at a soldier and then resumed his full cruising speed, while I, patriotically offended, watched the stunned defender of my freedoms kicking at his duffle bag and getting smaller and smaller as planet Pontiac continued its fuming orbit.

  难句类型:复杂修饰+修辞方法(明喻/simile)+幽默的语气

  难词注解:seditious a.煽动性的

  stunned a. 震惊的, 惊讶的

  duffle bag帆布行李袋

  Pontiac庞帝克,美国产轿车

  fuming冒烟的

  语法分析:“No, I won&apost ride with servicemen,” said my casually seditious father, as he slowed

  谓语 主语

  down and peered at a soldier and then resumed his full cruising speed, while I, patriotically

  状语 主语

  Offended, watched the stunned defender of my freedoms kicking at his duffle bag and

  插入语 谓语 宾语 宾补

  getting smaller and smaller as planet Pontiac continued its fuming orbit.

  意群训练:“No, I won&apost ride with servicemen,” said my casually seditious father, as he

  slowed down and peered at a soldier and then resumed his full cruising speed, while I, patriotically offended, watched the stunned defender of my freedoms kicking at his duffle

  bag and getting smaller and smaller as planet Pontiac continued its fuming orbit.

  参考译文:我爸爸减缓了车速,瞥见了士兵,又重新加足马力,带着一丝若无其事的煽动性语气说:“不,我才不要和军人共车呢!”。而我的爱国心却受到了伤害,看着那个惊愕的“自由守护者”踢着他的帆布行李袋。随着我们行星一样的庞帝克车继续行使在浓烟滚滚的轨道上,我也看着这个士兵的身影越来越小了。

  虽然在下一次的SAT考试过程中,你很难碰到已经读过的长难句,但你遇到长难句的语法现象是有限的。我们只要把SAT真题里面的长难句搞懂,就可以搞懂这些语法现象。而且只要坚持把这些长难句读懂,并可以背诵一部分,则可以取得SAT阅读的进步。

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